To guarantee the well system’s continuous functionality and the safety of the water it supplies, regular maintenance is required. If you own a property with a well, follow these guidelines for routine upkeep;

  1. Test the water regularly for bacteria, nitrates, and other contaminants.
  • Testing the water from your well can help identify potential health risks and ensure the water is safe to drink.
  • Common contaminants to test for include bacteria, nitrates, and other pollutants that can enter the well water.
  • It’s recommended to have the water tested at least once a year and more frequently if there have been changes to the well or the surrounding area, such as new construction or the presence of livestock.
  1. Maintain the well casing and cap.
  • The well casing and cap play a critical role in protecting the well from contaminants and ensuring a safe and secure water supply.
  • Inspect the well casing and cap regularly to ensure they are in good condition and securely in place. Look for signs of damage, cracks, or missing components, and address any issues promptly.
  • Replace any damaged or missing components, as they can allow contaminants to enter the well and pose a health risk.
  1. Protect the well from surface runoff.
  • Surface runoff can contain pollutants that can contaminate the well water and pose a health risk.
  • Locate the well away from potential sources of contamination such as septic systems, livestock facilities, and chemical storage areas.
  • Direct surface runoff away from the well to prevent contamination, by grading the land around the well and installing proper drainage systems.
  1. Keep records of well maintenance and testing.
  • Maintaining records of well maintenance, repairs, and testing results can be valuable in the event of future problems, as it provides a history of the well’s maintenance and operation.
  • Keep records of the date and type of each maintenance activity, any repairs made, and the results of water tests.
  1. Have the well system inspected by a professional.
  • A professional inspection of your well system can help identify potential issues and ensure that it’s functioning properly.
  • During the inspection, a licensed well contractor will evaluate the well casing, seals, and other components, and perform a pump test to measure the well’s water-producing ability.
  • Schedule a professional inspection of your well system every 3-5 years, or more frequently if there have been changes to the well or the surrounding area.
  1. Properly decommission the well if it’s no longer in use.
  • If you stop using your well, it’s important to have it properly decommissioned to prevent it from becoming a source of contamination.
  • Decommissioning involves sealing the well to prevent contaminants from entering the groundwater, and typically involves filling the well with concrete or another appropriate material.

Maintenance is very important with any component in the home, especially your well system, by providing proper well maintenance homeowners can ensure their well system continues to provide safe and reliable water for their home. Regular maintenance and testing can also help identify potential problems early, allowing for timely repairs and avoiding more serious and costly issues down the line.

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